2021

A Conjugated Figure-of-eight Oligoparaphenylene Nanohoop with Adaptive Cavities Derived from Cyclooctatetrathiophene Core

A fully conjugated figure-of-eight nanohoop is presented with facile synthesis. The molecule’s lemniscular skeleton features the combination of two strained oligoparaphenylene loops and a flexible cyclooctatetrathiophene core. Its rigid yet guest-adaptive cavities enable the formation of the peanut-like 1:2 host-guest complexes with C 60 or C 70 , which have been confirmed by X-ray crystallography and characterized in solution.

A Genuine Stannylone with a Monoatomic Two-Coordinate Tin(0) Atom Supported by a Bis(silylene) Ligand

The monoatomic zero-valent tin complex (stannylone) {[Si II (Xant)Si II ]Sn 0 } 5 stabilized by a bis(silylene)xanthene ligand, [Si II (Xant)Si II = PhC(N t Bu) 2 Si(Xant)Si(N t Bu) 2 CPh], and its bis-tetracarbonyliron complex {[Si II (Xant)Si II ]Sn 0 [Fe(CO) 4 ] 2 } 4 are reported. The stannylone 5 bearing a two-coordinate zero-valent tin atom is synthesized by reduction of the precursor 4 with potassium graphite.

Adaptive Aromaticity in 16-valence-electron Metallazapentalenes

According to Hückel’s and Baird’s rules, cyclic species are generally aromatic only either in the lowest singlet state (S0) or in the lowest-lying triplet ππ* excited state (T1). Thus, species with aromaticity both in S0 and T1 states (termed as adaptive aromaticity) are particularly rare. Herein, we carry out density functional theory (DFT) calculations to examine the aromaticity of 16e metallapentalenes containing heteroatoms (N, O).

Antiaromaticity-Promoted Radical Stability in α-Methyl Heterocyclics

Aromaticity is a fundamental and important concept in chemistry, and usually, the enhancement of aromaticity brings additional thermodynamic stability to a compound. Moreover, since radicals can act as intermediates in chemical reactions, they have attracted considerable attention from both experimental and theoretical chemists for a long time. However, it remains unclear whether there is a relationship between the thermodynamic stability of cyclic planar radicals and their aromaticity.

Achieving a Favorable Activation of the C–F Bond over the C–H Bond in Five- and Six-Membered Ring Complexes by a Coordination and Aromaticity Dually Driven Strategy

Activating the C–F bond (the strongest σ bond to carbon) is particularly challenging, let alone in a selective fashion when a weaker C–H bond is present in the same species. Herein, we demonstrate a novel strategy to achieve a thermodynamically and kinetically favorable activation of the C–F bond over the C–H bond dually driven by coordination and aromaticity via density functional theory calculations.

Releasing Antiaromaticity in Metal-Bridgehead Naphthalene

As a fundamental chemical property, aromaticity guides the synthesis of novel structures and materials. Replacing the carbon moieties of aromatic hydrocarbons with transition metal fragments is a promising strategy to synthesize intriguing organometallic counterparts with a similar aromaticity to their organic parents. However, since antiaromaticity will endow compound instability, it is a great challenge to obtain an antiaromatic organometallic counterpart based on such transition metal replacement in aromatic hydrocarbons.

[(CrGe9)Cr2(CO)13]4−: A disubstituted case of ten-vertex closo cluster with spherical aromaticity

We report the first disubstituted hetero-ten-vertex closo cluster [(CrGe9)Cr2(CO)13]4- with three adjacent Cr(CO)n units adopting both η5 and η1 coordination modes, which was synthesized through the reaction of “KGe1.67” with (MeCN)3Cr(CO)3 and Cr(CO)6 in ethylenediamine (en) solution. In contrast to the η1-Cr atoms forming localized two-center two-elelctron (2c-2e) Cr-Ge bonds, the hetero atom η5-Cr exhibits versatile bonding mechanisms including three 5c-2e and five 8c-2e delocalized bonds which account for Hückel aromaticity.

Osmapentalyne and Osmapentalene Complexes Containing Boron Monofluoride Ligands: Structure, Bonding and Adaptive Aromaticity

Osmapentalyne and osmapentalene complexes, now termed as carbolong species, have attracted considerable attention due to their novel structures, reactivities, chelating properties as well as Möbius and adaptive aromaticity. On the other hand, boron monofluoride (BF), a 10-electron diatomic molecule isoelectronic to carbon monoxide (CO), is unstable below 1800°C in the gas phase, and preparation of its metal complex is particularly challenging.

Predicting Dinitrogen Coupling with a Series of Small Molecules Catalyzed by a Pincer Complex

Due to consumption of more than 2% of the world's annual energy supply by Haber–Bosch process and the strongest triple bond (N≡N) in nature, directly coupling N 2 with small molecules is particularly important and challenging, let alone in a catalytic fashion. Here we first demonstrate that a NNN-type pincer phosphorus complex could act as a catalyst to couple dinitrogen with a series of small molecules including carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, N-ethylidenemethylamine, and acetonitrile in the presence of diborane(4) under a mild condition by theoretical calculations.

Probing the Origin of Ambiphilic Reactivity in Osmapentalyne Complexes: Interplay of Ring Strain, Aromaticity, and Phosphonium Substituent

Ambiphilic reactivity is a fascinating topic in chemical reactions, attracting considerable interest because ambiphilic reagents can display properties of both nucleophilicity and electrophilicity. However, most of the previous attention has been focused on the characterization of the ambiphilic reactivity, whereas the origin is less understood. Here we carry out thorough density functional theory (DFT) calculations to probe the origin of the ambiphilic reactivity of the carbyne atom in osmapentalynes, observed previously in experiment.

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