Catalytic Mechanisms of Transfer Hydrogenation of Azobenzene with Ammonia Borane by Pincer Bismuth Complex: Crucial Role of C=N Functional Group on the Pincer Ligand

Transfer hydrogenation of azobenzene with ammonia borane mediated by pincer bismuth complex 1 were systematically investigated through density functional theory calculations. An unusual metal-ligand cooperation mechanism was disclosed, in which the saturation/regeneration of the C=N functional group on the pincer ligand plays an essential role. The reaction is initiated by the hydrogenation of the C=N bond (saturation) with ammonia borane to afford 3CN, which is the rate-determining step with Gibbs energy barrier (ΔG≠) and Gibbs reaction energy (ΔG) of 25.6 and -7.3 kcal/mol, respectively.

Direct Conversion of N2 and O2 to Nitric Oxide at Room Temperature Initiated by Double Aromaticity in the Y2BO+ Cation

The conversion of dinitrogen to more useful and reactive molecules has been the focus of intense research by chemists. In contrast to reductive N2 fixation, direct oxidation of N2 by O2 to nitric oxide under mild conditions via a thermochemical process is extremely challenging. Herein, we report the first example of N2 and O2 activation and coupling under thermochemical conditions through the remarkable ability of Y2BO+ to react with one N2 and two O2 molecules.

Predicting Small Molecule Activation including Catalytic Hydrogenation of Dinitrogen Promoted by a Dual Lewis Acid

For decades, N2 activation and functionalization have required the use of transition metal complexes. Thus, it is one of the most challenging projects to activate the abundant dinitrogen through metal-free systems under mild conditions. Here, we demonstrate a proof-of-concept study on the catalytic hydrogenation of dinitrogen (with an activation energy as low as 15.3 kcal mol -1 ) initiated by a dual Lewis acid (DLA) via density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Probing a General Strategy to Break the C-C Bond of Benzene by a Cyclic (Alkyl)(Amino)Aluminyl Anion

The oxidative addition of C-C bonds in aromatic hydrocarbons by low valent main group species has attracted considerable attention from both theoretical and experimental chemists due to the big challenge in breaking their aromaticity. Here, we demonstrate a general strategy to break the C-C bonds in benzene by cyclic (alkyl)(amino)aluminyl anion via density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Chiral polycyclic benzosultams from photocatalytic diastereo- and enantioselective benzylic C–H functionalization

Asymmetric C(sp3)–H functionalization has emerged as a useful tool for simultaneous installation of functionality and chirality onto hydrocarbon units. Stereodiscrimination in reactions between a strong C(sp3)–H bond and a prochiral substrate, potentially forging vicinal stereogenic centers in a single step, however, remains a significant challenge. We report here a photocatalytic diastereo- and enantioselective C(sp3)–H functionalization/intramolecular cyclization reaction.

Adaptive Aromaticity in Osmapentalene and Osmapyridinium Complexes with Carbone Ligands

Discovery of species with adaptive aromaticity, being aromatic in both the lowest-lying singlet and triplet states (S0 and T1), is a significant challenge because cyclic conjugated complexes are commonly aromatic in one state only according to Hückel’s and Baird’s rules. On the other hand, the carbone ligands containing two lone pair electrons at the carbon(0) atom have attracted considerable attention from both theoretical and experimental chemists recently.

A Conjugated Diosma-Octacyclic Complex and Its Mixed-Valence Singly Reduced State

Metallaaromatics as a new class of organometallic compounds have attracted considerable attention in recent years. Metallaaromatic compounds where the number of fused rings forming the metalla-polycyclic skeleton exceeds seven have not been reported to date. Likewise, metallaaromatic compounds containing two transition-metal centres are rarely encountered in the literature. In this work two dicationic diosma-octacyclic complexes have successfully been synthesized and fully characterized.

Probing the Hyperconjugative Aromaticity of Cyclopentadiene and Pyrroliums Containing Group 7 Transition Metal Substituents

Aromaticity and hyperconjugation are two fundamental concepts in chemistry. Combining them together led to the proposal of the concept of hyperconjugative aromaticity by Mulliken in 1939. Now, it has been attracting considerable attention from both theoretical and experimental chemists. Recently, the concept of hyperconjugative aromaticity has been extended from main-group substituents to transition metal systems including groups 9, 10, and 11 transition metal substituents.

An Isolable 2,5-Disila-3,4-Diphosphapyrrole and a Conjugated Si=P−Si=P−Si=N Chain Through Degradation of White Phosphorus with a N,N-Bis(Silylenyl)Aniline

White phosphorus (P4) undergoes degradation to P2 moieties if exposed to the new N,N-bis(silylenyl)aniline PhNSi2 1 (Si=Si[N(tBu)]2CPh), furnishing the first isolable 2,5-disila-3,4-diphosphapyrrole 2 and the two novel functionalized Si=P doubly bonded compounds 3 and 4. The pathways for the transformation of the non-aromatic 2,5-disila-3,4-diphosphapyrrole PhNSi2P2 2 into 3 and 4 could be uncovered.

A Bis(silylene)pyridine Pincer Ligand Can Stabilize Mononuclear Manganese(0) Complexes: Facile Access to Isolable Analogues of the Elusive d7-Mn(CO)5 Radical

Using the potentially tridentate N,N’-bis(N-heterocyclic silylene)pyridine [SiNSi] pincer-type ligand, 2,6-N,N’-diethyl-bis[N,N’-di-tert-butyl(phenylamidinato)silylene] diaminopyridine, led to the first isolable bis(silylene)pyridine-stabilized manganese(0) complex, {к3-[SiNSi]Mn(dmpe)} 4 (dmpe = (Me2P)2C2H4), which represents an isolobal 17 VE analogue of the elusive Mn(CO)5 radical.