Adaptive σ aromaticity in the rhenacyclopropene rings

Species generally exhibit one-state aromaticity either in the lowest singlet state (S0) or the lowest triplet state (T1) according to the Hückel's and Baird's rules. Hence, it is rare for species exhibit two-state aromaticity in both the S0 and T1 states (termed as adaptive aromaticity), let alone adaptive σ aromaticity. Here, we report adaptive σ aromaticity in unsaturated rhenacyclopropene rings via density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

FP(μ-N)2S: A Sulfur-Pnictogen Four-Membered Ring with 6π Electrons

The new 6π-electron four-membered ring compound 3-fluoro-1λ2,2,4,3λ3-thiadiazaphosphetidine, FP(μ-N)2S, has been generated in the gas phase through high-vacuum flash pyrolysis (HVFP) of thiophosphoryl diazide, FP(S)(N3)2, at 1000 K. Subsequent isolation of FP(μ-N)2S in cryogenic matrices (Ar, Ne, and N2) allows its characterization with matrix-isolation IR and UV-vis spectroscopy by combination with 15N-isotope labeling and computations at the CCSD(T)-F12a/VTZ-F12 level of theory.

Exploiting heterocycle aromaticity to fabricate new hot exciton materials

Efficiently harvesting electroluminescent triplet excitons is of great importance for practical applications of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Hot exciton materials are regarded as the up-and-coming new generation luminogens and hold unique advantages for achieving high efficiency electroluminescent devices. Therefore, exploring a new molecular design strategy for developing new hot exciton materials remains a challenging yet fascinating task so far.

Probing the Origin of Higher Efficiency of Terphenyl Phosphine over the Biaryl Framework in Pd-catalyzed C-N Coupling: A Combined DFT and Machine Learning Study

The Pd-catalyzed Buchwald–Hartwig coupling reaction is important in the construction of the C-N bond due to various applications in organic synthesis. Quantum chemical calculations are widely used in understanding reaction mechanisms whereas the machine learning method is extremely popular in recognizing the relationships of data. Here, we combine density functional theory calculations with the support vector regression method to probe the origin of the higher efficiency of terphenyl phosphine ligand over the biaryl counterpart in the Buchwald–Hartwig C-N coupling reaction.

Dynamic Evolving Exothermicity Steers Ultrafast Formation of a Correlated Triplet Pair State

Singlet fission (SF) presents an attractive solution to overcome the Shockley–Queisser limit of single-junction solar cells. The conversion from an initial singlet state to final triplet is mediated by the correlated triplet pair state 1(T1T1). Despite significant advancement on 1(T1T1) properties and its role in SF, a comprehensive understanding of the energetic landscape during SF is still unclear.

The application of aromaticity and antiaromaticity to reaction mechanisms

Aromaticity, in general, can promote a given reaction by stabilizing a transition state or a product via a mobility of π electrons in a cyclic structure. Similarly, such a promotion could be also achieved by destabilizing an antiaromatic reactant. However, both aromaticity and transition states cannot be directly measured in experiment. Thus, computational chemistry has been becoming a key tool to understand the aromaticity-driven reaction mechanisms.

An unprecedented route to achieve persistent 1H-azirine

1H-azirine, a highly reactive, antiaromatic, and unstable tautomer of the aromatic, stable, and (sometimes) isolable 2H-azirine, is stabilized, both thermodynamically and kinetically, via an unprecedented route, where the latter serves as the precursor–exploiting electronic and steric elements. Our density functional theory results invite experimentalists to realize isolable 1H-azirine.

Mechanism of metalated pyrrole-singlet oxygen chemiluminescent reaction

Visible-light-mediated dearomatisation of pyrroles is a powerful strategy for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals and bioactive compounds. Herein we present the chemiluminescent reaction between pyrrole metalated-Ir(III) complex [Ir(K2C,N-DPP)(H)(Cl)(PPh3)2] (1) and singlet oxygen to form a ketoamide complex [Ir(K2C,N-ketoamide)(H)(Cl)(PPh3)2] (2). Complex 2 are fully characterized by NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

A class of non-aromatic 1,3-disilapyrroles acting as stable organosilicon-based triplet diradicals

Open-shell molecules with unpaired electrons and a high-spin S ≥ 1 configuration are of fundamental importance in chemistry, biology and molecular electronics. Among metal-free systems, carbon- and silicon-based triplet diradicals with two unpaired electrons and strong ferromagnetic coupling are proposed as key intermediates in many organic and organometallic transformations but their isolation remains challenging due to their very high reactivity. Here we report the facile synthesis of isolable 1,3-disilapyrroles which act as organosilicon-based delocalized triplet diradicals.

Synthesis and Reactivity of an Anti-van’t Hoff/Le Bel Compound with a Planar Tetracoordinate Silicon(II) Atom

For a long time, planar tetracoordinate carbon (ptC) represented an exotic coordination mode in organic and organometallic chemistry, but it is now a useful synthetic building block. In contrast, realization of planar tetracoordinate silicon (ptSi), a heavier analogue of ptC, is still challenging. Herein we report the successful synthesis and unusual reactivity of the first ptSi species of divalent silicon present in 3, supported by the chelating bis(N-heterocyclic silylene)bipyridine ligand, 2,2′-{[(4-tBuPh)C(NtBu)]2SiNMe}2(C5N)2, 1].