Reactivity of Germylene toward Phosphorus-Containing Compounds: Nucleophilic Addition and Tautomerism

A series of phosphorus-substituted germanium(II) complexes, L1GeR [L1 = CH{(CMe)(2,6-iPr2C6H3N)}2; 2, R = PPh2; 4, R = OPPh2; 5a, R = OP(O)Ph2; 5b, R = OP(O) (OnBu)2; 6a, R = OP(S)Ph2; 6b, R = OP(S)(OEt)2], were synthesized through the direct activation of various organic phosphorus compounds by N-heterocyclic ylide-like germylene 1.

Synthesis of Aromatic Aza-metallapentalenes from Metallabenzene via Sequential Ring Contraction/Annulation

The concept of aromaticity has long played an important role in chemistry and continues to fascinate both experimentalists and theoreticians. Among the archetypal aromatic compounds, heteroaromatics are particularly attractive. Recently, substitution of a transition-metal fragment for a carbon atom in the anti-aromatic hydrocarbon pentalene has led to the new heteroaromatic osmapentalenes. However, construction of the aza-homolog of osmapentalenes cannot be accomplished by a similar synthetic manipulation.

Stabilizing Two Classical Antiaromatic Frameworks: Demonstration of Photoacoustic Imaging and the Photothermal Effect in Metalla-aromatics

Antiaromatic species are substantially less thermodynamically stable than aromatic moieties. Herein, we report the stabilization of two classical antiaromatic frameworks, cyclobutadiene and pentalene, by introducing one metal fragment through the first [2+2] cycloaddition reaction of a late-transition-metal carbyne with alkynes. Experimental observations and theoretical calculations reveal that the metal fragment decreases the antiaromaticity in cyclobutadiene and pentalene simultaneously, leading to air- and moisture-stable products.

Probing the reactivity of microhydrated α-nucleophile in the anionic gas-phase SN2 reaction

To probe the kinetic performance of microsolvated α-nucleophile, the G2(+)M calculations were carried out for the gas-phase SN2 reactions of monohydrated and dihydrated α-oxy-nucleophiles XO−(H2O)n = 1,2 (X = HO, CH3O, F, Cl, Br), and α-sulfur-nucleophile, HSS−(H2O)n = 1,2, toward CH3Cl. We compared the reactivities of hydrated α-nucleophiles to those of hydrated normal nucleophiles.

σ-Aromaticity in an Unsaturated Ring: Osmapentalene Derivatives Containing a Metallacyclopropene Unit

In general, aromaticity can be clarified as π- and σ-aromaticity according to the type of electrons with major contributions. The traditional π-aromaticity generally describes the π-conjugation in fully unsaturated rings whereas σ-aromaticity may stabilize fully saturated rings with delocalization caused by σ-electron conjugation. Reported herein is an example of σ-aromaticity in an unsaturated three-membered ring (3 MR), which is supported by experimental observations and theoretical calculations.

Why Does Activation of the Weaker C═S Bond in CS2 by P/N-Based Frustrated Lewis Pairs Require More Energy Than That of the C═O Bond in CO2? A DFT Study

The sequestration of carbon disulfide (CS2), a common pollutant in environmental systems, is of great importance due to its physical harm to human beings. Compared with CO2 capture, that of CS2 is much less developed. The use of P/N-based frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) has been proven, both experimentally and theoretically, to be an alternative strategy to efficiently sequestrate CO2. Therefore, we pose the question of whether the analogue CS2 could also be sequestrated by the same FLPs, given that the C═S bond in CS2 is weaker than the C═O bond in CO2.